Question Pattern Research Aptitude

Qu-1) - Identify the qualitative research characteristics from the following:

A. Exploring a problem and developing a detailed understanding of a central phenomenon.

B. Having the literature review play a minor role but justifying the problem.

C. Describing a research problem through a description of trends.

D. Collecting numeric data from a large number of people using instruments with present questions.

E. Collecting data based on words from a small number of individuals.

A. ( A ) , ( B ) and ( C ) only

B. ( B ) , ( C ) and ( D ) only

C. ( A ) , ( B ) and ( E ) only

D. ( C ) ( D ) and ( E ) only

 Quantitative and Qualitative Methods of Research  

The basic and applied researches can be quantitative or qualitative or even both. Quantitative research is based on the measurement of quantity or amount. Here a process is expressed or described in terms of one or more quantities.

The result of this research is essentially a number or a set of numbers. Some of the characteristics of qualitative research/method are:

• It is numerical, non-descriptive, applies statistics or mathematics and uses numbers.

• It is an iterative process whereby evidence is evaluated.

• The results are often presented in tables and graphs.

• It is conclusive.

• It investigates the what, where and when of decision making

Whereas Qualitative research is concerned with qualitative phenomenon involving quality.

Some of the characteristics of qualitative research/method are:

• It is non-numerical, descriptive, applies to reason and uses words.

• it aims to get the meaning, feeling and describe the situation.

• Qualitative data cannot be graphed.

• It is exploratory.

• It investigates the why and how of decision making



Arrange the steps in a hypothetic-deductive research in the correct sequence

A. Identifying and defining a research problem

B. Defining the population and drawing a sub-set therefrom

C. Data collection using appropriate research tasks followed by data analyses

D. Hypothesis formulation and developing a design of research

E. Taking a decision on the substantive research hypothesis via testing of the Null hypothesis

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

1. A, D, B, C, E

2. A, B, C, D, E

3. A, C, B, D, E

4. B, A, C, D, E

 Research Steps  

1)-Formulating the Research Problem (Including Extensive Literature Review)

2)-Developing the objectives/Conceptualization a research design

3)-Preparing the Research Design /constructing an instrument for data collection

4)-Selecting a sampling design

5)-Writing a research proposal

6)-Collecting the Data

7)-Analysis of Data/ Processing and displaying data /Including Generalization and Interpretation

8)-Preparation of the Report or Presentation of Results-Formal write-ups of conclusions reached.